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Development of numeracy in Year R

Children are taught ideas of number and shape through a wide range of practical activities, both led by adults and initiated by the children themselves. There is an emphasis on counting and recognising numbers using real objects around the classroom and in the wider environment.

These are the Early Learning Goals for Maths that children will be working on during Reception. 

Mathematics Early Learning Goals: Number  

Children at the expected level of development will:  

  • Have a deep understanding of number to 10, including the composition of each number 
  • Subitise (recognise quantities without counting) up to 5 
  • Automatically recall (without reference to rhymes, counting or other aids) number bonds up to 5 (including subtraction facts) and some number bonds to 10, including double facts. 


Mathematics Early Learning Goals: Numerical Patterns  

Children at the expected level of development will: 

  • Verbally count beyond 20, recognising the pattern of the counting system 
  • Compare quantities up to 10 in different contexts, recognising when one quantity is greater than, less than or the same as the other quantity 
  • Explore and represent patterns within numbers up to 10, including evens and odds, double facts and how quantities can be distributed equally. 


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